LBR Law College: Law College in Varanasi

JUSTICE DELAYED , JUSTICE DENIED

Time is an  essence  of life and  any  thing  done  or   carried out in  a  belated  manner would  likely  to  defeat  its  object/ purpose . Similarly , if justice  is  not  delivered within the  reasonable time  it result  in causing  further  suffering  to  the  aggrieved person  and  to  those  who   are  seeking  justice. It  is also said  that  delayed  justice  amounts  to  denial  of  justice which  is  against the  basic  object  of the  law . Law  protects  against the  injustice.

In recent  time  we  are  faced  with the   burden the  field  of  legal  profession  and   deal  with   the  flood  of  litigation . Now  there  is  conflict  within the  society  and   family ,  especially due  to  advent  of   nuclear family system  . The present  day  society is  heading  for  complexities thereby matrimonial concerning cases  are  in  abundance  in   various  Counts  of the country . But, it   is  a   matter  of  grave concern that  our   justice  delivery system suffers  from  speediness  and  expeditiousness. In  our  country the  justice  rather  judgment  delivery  system  need  to  be  accelerated otherwise . the  purpose  of  justice will be  frustrated .

The  concept  developed  behind the  right to speedy trial is  to protect the  miscarriage of  justices .   It  is  very  well  said  that dilationes  in lege  sunt obiosae  means justice  delayed  is  disgraceful .On the   other  hand,  law is  dormant sometime, but it  never  vanishes .

Delay  in  justice  delivering system  is  due  to  many reasons .  It  true that  the  delay defects the justice . It has  been  experienced that  uncertainty ,  delay and  costs  are enemies of  the  administrative of  justice. Delay in  justice  creates  a  feeling  of  confusion  in  the  mind  of  litigation . A more than judicial process by  way of  appeals  and  revision etc. are  the  factors causing  considerable and  painful  delay to the  litigants .  Now , the  time   has  arrived to  think about  the  special appeal  under  Article  136  of  the Constitution  of India ,1950 . There  are  instances  when  this  provision  abused . The application for  transfer of  cases  not  to  be  entertained  unless  there  is  evidently  apprehension of  justice . Thus  administration of  law  and justice continues  to suffer  from delay . the  judicial authorities and legislature  are  required to take   effective and  appropriate measures  to  curb the  dilatory  process of  administration of  law justice .

In  United States of America the  right to  speedy  trial  is one  of the Constitutional right guaranteed to  its citizens.  But , in  India there is  no  such constitutional right but this  right  has been  judicially innovated in recent time .In Hussainara  Khatooon  case the Apex  Court has held  that the  right to speedy trial is a  fundamental right implicit in right to personal liberty enshrined in  Article 21  of the Constitution of  India. In this  case  number of  under  trial prisoners  were  in  jails  in the  State  of Bihar for  years and waiting for their trial. The  Court expressed the  view that the right to  speedy trial is   the  essence   of criminal justice. In landmark judgment in Abdul Rahman Antuley  vs R. S.Nayak . Though  the Apex  Court refused  to  fix any  time  limit  for  Article 21 of  the  Constitution of India is available to accused at all  stages namely the  stage of  inquiry, trial, appeal and  revision .

It is  naked  truth  that the Courts  in  India are facing heavy backlog of  cases mainly due to filing  of vexatious cases and acute shortage of judges.  Now the  Central Government under the  direction of the  Apex  Court though established fast track Courts across the country to overcome with  the pendency of cases but  the desired result still eludes . As the  procedural laws are enormous time consuming  and  complexities in  social life is another factor responsible for   causing  delay in  administration of  justice.  It is not  hidden from  any body that the litigation takes  decades  to  obtain  finality .  Under  the  existing  law  though the judgments  of  lower  Courts  are appealable or  revisable  but how  many  judgment are  delivered by them . There  is  nobody  to account  for  it. In  this   regard lower  courts  and High Courts are  unfettered .  It  is  to  be  noticed  that  Bench  and  Bar are  equal  contributories in  administration  of  law and  they owe  toward society but  we  badly  lack  commitment in respect of  society .

Dr. Abhishek Singh is Founder Director of Lokbandhu Rajnarayan Law College, Varanasi established in 2004. Email lbrlawcollege_03@yahoo.co.in web:lbrlawcollege.org. He did his Ll.B Hons (Five year course) from Lucknow University and LL.M (HRDE) from BHU. Completed his Ph.D on topic of Jurisprudential Aspect of Human Rights And Duties: A Conceptual Study from Shri Ramswaroop Memorial University Lucknow Dewa road. More than 19 years of experience of leading the administration. Published many articles in different law journals and presented paper in national seminars and webinars including periodic writer of online news portal www.opindia.com. He is an amateur blogger with blogger name as azaadhindustaan.blogspot.in. Area of acquaintance includes Jurisprudence, Constitutional Law, Human Rights and Social Justice

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